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medievalpoc:

peashooter85:

The Jews of Ancient China —- The Kaifeng Jews

The destruction of Jerusalem at the hands of the Romans in 70 AD would create a wave of Jewish diaspora as Jewish rebels were sold into slavery or exiled to locations all over the Roman Empire.  However the spread of Jewish peoples would expand beyond the borders of the Roman world, as Jewish genes can be found all over Europe, Africa, and Asia.  One far flung Jewish community can be found in China, one of the most extreme examples of Jewish immigration in the ancient world.

After the Jewish revolt against Rome many thousands of Jews headed east to enjoy the wealth and riches of the Silk Road to Asia.  Jewish merchant communities sprang up all over Persia, Afghanistan, and Northern India.  One Jewish group traveled as far as Henan Province (Eastern China) and settled in the cosmopolitan city of Kaifeng between 600 – 900 AD.  By the year 1100 the Jews of Kaifeng had established a large and healthy community with a synagogue, communal kitchen, kosher slaughterhouse, ritual bath, and Sukkah (special building used to celebrate the festival of Sukkot).  During the Ming Dynasty the Kaifeng Jews took Chinese surnames which corresponded with the meanings of their original Jewish names.  One Kaifeng Jew, Zhao Yingcheng (Moshe Ben Abram) made his mark in Chinese history by being named the Director of the Ministry of Justice by the Emperor in the mid 1600’s. The religious traditions of the Kaifeng Jews remained the same through most of their history, corresponding exactly to the religious practices of Jews in the west.  However, in the 1860’s the community would be uprooted due to the chaos caused by the Taiping Rebellion.  The synagogue was destroyed and much of the ancient practices of the Kaifeng Jews were lost or forgotten.  The war caused a mini-diaspora of Chinese Jews as they sought refuge all over China.  After the war many Jews returned to Kaifeng to rebuild their community.  Today the Kaifeng Jews still maintain a small community with a rebuilt synagogue.  Today 1,000 Jews still maintain a prosperous community in Kaifeng.

Further Reading:

The Jews of Kaifeng, China: History, Culture, and Religion By Xin Xu

The Haggadah of the Kaifeng Jews of China By Fook-Kong Wong, Dalia Yasharpour

Legends of the Chinese Jews of Kaifeng By Xin Xu

The Kaifeng Stone Inscriptions: The Legacy of the Jewish Community in China By Tiberiu Weisz

The Jews of China: Historical and Comparative Perspectives edited by Jonathan Goldstein

sootonthecarpet!!

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reblogged 17 hours ago via / source & 4 notes
tosquinha:

Boromir’s hobbit hug

tosquinha:

Boromir’s hobbit hug

reblogged 1 day ago via / source & 616 notes

buffydaae:

Hey friends! One of my composer friends from school is actually working on a 100% Leroux accurate stage musical. We have only one song right now, but he said it would be ok to share with you guys since it’s only a rough cut and will likely change. This will hopefully serve as “Erik’s reveal” at the beginning of the show. It’s pretty haunting if I do say so myself! Let me know what you think and enjoy! 

This is so beautiful

reblogged 2 days ago via / source & 217 notes

The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies Tapestry closeups

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spgent:

my little sunshine

spgent:

my little sunshine

reblogged 2 days ago via / source & 19 notes

everyone is 5’10”

or 5’2”

and we have a few inbetweens

posted 3 days ago & 3 notes

lecturerinrecentrunes:

whomackenzie:

amateurcracksman:

shutuplivie replied to your post: do you ever think about how you’re sli…

are you stinkin’ taller than me??? I thought you were tiny. The world has lied to me. (I’m 5’ 5 3/4”)

I’m 5’ 7.5”

B^D

who else is taller than me

CONFESS

Oh, me, me, I am taller than you! I’m 5’10”

Livie you are tiny.

why is everyone surprised??

DID YOU NOT GET THE STEREOTYPE MEMO

Swedish people are tall

I might be little compared to you, oh Norse giant, but at least I can handle it when it’s 86° outside!

reblogged 3 days ago via / source & 13 notes

amateurcracksman:

shutuplivie replied to your post: do you ever think about how you’re sli…

are you stinkin’ taller than me??? I thought you were tiny. The world has lied to me. (I’m 5’ 5 3/4”)

I’m 5’ 7.5”

B^D

who else is taller than me

CONFESS

reblogged 3 days ago via / source & 13 notes

krystal-cage:

The one big, strange fact about Howl is that almost every young woman who reads about him wants to marry him. -Diana Wynne Jones
reblogged 3 days ago via / source & 4,007 notes